Civil War Medical History at Ellwood


Please join us on Saturday, June 17, (10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M.) and on Sunday, June 18, (10:00 A.M. – 12:00 P.M.) for demonstrations by Living Historians regarding medical practices during the American Civil War. Medicine and surgery methods are a captivating – and often misunderstood – aspect of the Civil War. Living Historians representing the 2nd Corps Hospital Unit (CSA) will be on site all day Saturday, June 17, (10:00 A.M. – 5:00 P.M.) and until noon on Sunday, June 18, to talk with visitors about various facets of Civil War medical and hospital procedures and address some of the common misconceptions of the care and treatment of Civil War Soldiers.

Special programs will be offered on Saturday, June 17. Join us at 1:00 P.M. for a presentation discussing the wounding of General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, Civil War Medicine in general, and Ellwood as a Confederate Convalscent Hospital following the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863. Jackson was the most famous of the thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers treated at the Wilderness Tavern and Ellwood hospital complex during and immediately after the fighting at Chancellorsville. After the vast majority of the casualities were evacuated to points further south after the battle ended, those so badly injured that they might not survive the trip remained at Ellwood for up to several months.

Guided walking tours to the Wilderness Tavern hospital site and the Wilderness Crossroads will also be offered on Saturday, June 17, at 11:30 A.M. and approximately 2:30 P.M. – following the 1:00 P.M. program. General Jackson’s left arm was amputated near the tavern after his wounding at Chancellorsville. The tour takes approximately one hour and fifteen minutes and begins at the small fence at the back of the house. It is approximately 1.5 miles in length over unpaved terrain. Visitors will see parts of historic road traces of the old Orange Turnpike, Germanna Plank Road, and the Ellwood Carriage road, as well as crossing over the Wilderness Run on a solid wooden footbridge. Sturdy shoes and appropriate hiking clothes are recommended, as well as using sunscreen, insect repellent, and bringing along a bottle of water.

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